Saturday, August 23, 2008

خيار الرؤية


A person is selling a piece of land. He takes a potential buyer to see the land. However, due to there not being any proper roads to access the land, they are unable to reach the actual plot. However, he roughly points out to the buyer the location of the land. The buyer says he has taken it and even receives the title deeds and makes half the payment. Thereafter, when the buyer actually goes to physically see the piece of land, it turns out that it is in a completely different area from the area which he was initially made to believe. He goes back to the seller and asks for his money which he had paid and says he does not want the land because it is in an area which he was not aware of. Is it permissible for the buyer to rescind his decision to buy the piece of land without the consent of the seller?


In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh If a person had purchased a piece of land and was shown roughly the plot from a distance, then he will have the option of returning it upon seeing the actual plot. The option of returning the purchased item after seeing (خيار الرؤية) will not be lost by the transfer of title. If the purchaser does not accept the deal after seeing the plot, then Islamically the seller will have to return his money and deal will be nullified. The seller’s consent to nullify the deal is not a requisite.
( قوله : وكفى رؤية ما يؤذن بالمقصود ) لأن رؤية جميع المبيع غير مشروط لتعذره فيكتفى برؤية ما يدل على العلم بالمقصود هداية والمراد أن رؤية ذلك قبل الشراء كافية في سقوط خياره بعده لأنه قد اشترى ما رأى فلا خيار له ، وليس المراد أنه لو اشترى قبل الرؤية ثم رأى ذلك يسقط خياره كما توهمه بعض الطلبة فاستشكله بأن خيار الرؤية غير مؤقت وأنه إذا رآه بعد الشراء لا يسقط إلا بقول أو فعل يدل على الرضا فكيف يسقط بمجرد رؤية ما يؤذن بالمقصود أفاده في النهر ، ويشير إليه الشارح ولا شك أنه توهم ساقط وإلا لزم أن لا يثبت خيار الرؤية بعد الشراء إلا قبل الرؤية بعده ولا قائل به مع أن الرؤية بعد الشراء شرط ثبوت الخيار على ما مر – رد المحتار (4/73) مكتبة رشيدية
And Allah knows best
Ml. Ehzaz Ajmeri,
Student Darul Iftaa, Madrassah Inaamiyah

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